O.L. Dronova - Institute of Geography of the Ukraine National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv.
Most cities in different regions of the world feel the need to update the methodological approaches to their development directed to raising the quality of urban environment and improvement of the living conditions (better housing for low-income segments of the population and the elimination of slums, reducing crime in cities, improvement of technical and social infrastructure, etc.). Urban development approaches, leading to the number of extra-large cities growth and the urban space expansion (urban sprawl) needs a new direction to achieve the ultimate goal. An idea of creation and functioning of cities suitable for life, people friendly, regardless of their socio-economic status and physical condition is an attractive one. This idea can be realized through new urbanism, a socially oriented trend in city design, which focuses on quality of life in the urban environment. Principles of New Urbanism include compact and space savvy urban forms, versatility and diversity of planning and development, pedestrian access to the most important sites in the city and interconnected transport and pedestrian networks, high quality architecture and planning, based on traditions and culture of the region, sustainable development and energy efficiency, which in combination create an high quality environment and comfort for local residents. Examples of New Urbanism approaches implementation in urban development practices identified in the US, Canada and Europe. Taking in consideration the new Urban Manifesto (Strasbourg, 2008) the current trends of European cities development have been analyzed. It is noted that in Ukraine the desired urban development priorities of the country’s cities are not developed, urban spaces design is carried out mainly spontaneously and chaotically, and the concept of New Urbanism in the complex realities of today are not visible.
city, urbanized (urban) space, urban space proliferation, transit oriented cities development, new urbanism, the quality of the urban environment
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