Ukr. geogr. z. 2017, N2:34-39

Marek Degórski - Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw;
Izabela Zawiska - Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw.


The aim of the paper is to show relations between road traffic and soil contaminations along 6 road corridors located in Poland. The corridors for the research are national roads, expressways and motorways characterized by different traffic intensity. We investigated samples along transects perpendicular to road axes, at locations situated from 1 to 100 meters away from the edge of the road, from the surface layer (horizon O/A) and at a depth of 30 cm (horizon B). In terms of soil quality, lower content of heavy metals in organic and mineral horizons was observed in the vicinity of the motorways and expressway comparing to areas surrounding local roads. Particularly high level of soil contamination was observed at border crossings, due to queues of trucks.

Key words: 
road traffic, pollution, soil contamination, Poland

1. Apeagyei E., Bank M.S., Spengler J.D. (2011). Distribution of heavy metals in road dust along an urban-rural gradient in Massachusetts. Atmospheric Environment, 45, (13), 2310-2323.
2. Bataillard P., Chamber P., Picot C. (2003). Short-termtransformations of lead and cadmium compounds in soil after contamination. European Journal of Soil Sciences, 54, 365-376.
3. Clemens S. (2006). Toxic metal accumulation, response to exposure and mechanisms of tolerance in plant. Biochemie, 88, 1707-1719.
4. Coles A., ed.(2004). An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values. Springer Verlag.
5. Degórski M. (2011). Influence of traffic into the environment properties and human. IGU Regional Geographic Conference. United Integration with the World. Conference Proceedings, CD, 20111743H5VYV4, Santiago, Chile, 1-9.
6. Degórski M., Zawiska I.(2015). The influence of car traffic on the sanitary state of the soils. Europa XXI, 28, 142-155.
7. Filipek-Mazur B., Gondek K., Mazur K. (2007). Heavy metal contents in soils and plants from areas localized along the No. 4 road within the boundaries of the ropczycko-sędziszowski county. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering, 5–6, 445–449.
8. Heiri O., Lotter A.F., Lemcke G.(2001). Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology, 25, 101-110.
9. Jullien A., François D. (2006). Soil indicators used in road environmental impact assessments. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 48, (2), 101-124.
10. Legret M., Pagotto C. (2006). Heavy metal deposition and soil pollution along two major rural highways. Environmental Technology, 27, 247–254.