M.A. Holubets - Institute of carpathian ecology, Ukraine National Academy of Sciences, Lviv.
Temporal aspects of the “environment” definition, interaction between living beings, their communities, humans and habitats, biotic, geographical and geo-social systems formation in which the environment is indispensable structural and functional component have been presented in the article. The need to separate the environmentology as a science about the environment, has been presented, based on the formation and development of new branches of science, methodical methods of which are appropriate for the study of complex objects, which combine structurally and functionally not only biotic, but also economic, demographic, political, technological components, primarily ecosystemology, geosociosystemology, nature and environmental protection. Important role of the environmentology in further development of geography has been emphasized.