Ukr. geogr. z. 2015, N3:41-49

E.O. Maruniak - Institute of Geography of the Ukraine National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv.


The objective nature of globalization processes leads to formation of the new mechanisms, approaches and management practices and planning for different types of areas. Rural areas that are often identified with the periphery of socio-economic development are particularly vulnerable to global challenges. The purpose of the publication is to analyze the impact of globalization and regionalization on rural development, consequences and challenges faced at the regional and local level in different countries, mechanisms how to evaluate and overcome them. This experience taken in consideration in strategic and spatial Ukraine planning will help to form optimal scenario of international integration of rural areas. basic concepts, problems specific to modern rural area, main features of which are low (compared to the city) population density, the way of farming, special type of construction, a special type of cultural landscape, with a high percentage of natural or unchanged natural areas have been reviewed in the article. Directions or types of changes directly related to the impact of globalization processes have been highlighted. We are talking about such directions as inclusion of rural areas in the global reproductive cycle, their «marginalization» and «relocalization». The advantages that one or the other territory can get with globally and locally oriented positioning have been reviewed. The latter is an attractive alternative to rural development in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The activity of transnational corporations on world agricultural markets, their role and importance to the economy of developed and developing countries has been analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the EU agricultural policy and directions of the European spatial development directly related to the countryside, approaches to rural area types in the context of globalization. The provisions which should be considered when developing management and planning strategies in rural areas have been formulated.

Key words: 
rural areas, globalization, relocalization, marginalization, multinationals

1. The Law of Ukraine On Agricultural Advisory Activities number 1807-IV of 17.06.2004. http: // zakon 4. Rada. gov. ua / Laws / Show / 1807-15 [in Ukrainian].
2. Pavlov A.I. (2015). Identification and classification of rural areas: the theory, methodology and practice. Odessa: Astroprint. [in Russian].
3. Socio-economic geography: concepts and definitions. Dictionary-reference. Ed. A.P. Gorkyn (2013). Smolensk: Oykumena, 225. [in Russian].
4. Biosphere Reserves. The German Federal Nature Conservation Agency (BfN). http://www.bfn.de/0308_bios+M52087573ab0.html
5. Biosphere Reserves and Tourism. Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. http://www.bmub.bund.de/en/topics/nature-species-protection/tourismus-sport/nachhaltiger-tourismus/b...
6. Community strategic guidelines for rural development (programming period 2007 to 2013). Council of Europe (2006/144/EC). http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/;ELX_SESSIONID=D70rJQrNhsJxvwqnFjd1wt0LZJ2htL9np1sjgVd...
7. Das UNESCO-Biosphärenreservat Spreewald. Land Bradenburg. Landesamt für Umwelt, Gesundheit und Verbraucherschutz. http://www.lugv.brandenburg.de/cms/detail.php/bb1.c.327425.de
8. European Charter for Rural Areas. Council of Europe. March 1996. Doc. 7507. http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/Doc/XrefViewHTML.asp?FileID=7441&Language=EN
9. Funding opportunities under the Common Agricultural Policy. European Commission. Agriculture and Rural Development. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/cap-funding/funding-opportunities/index_en.htm
10. Lambin E. F., Meyfroidt P. Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Sustainability science. March 1, 2011. Vol. 108, 9. http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3465.full.pdf+html
11. OECD Regional Typology. Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development. June 2011. http://www.oecd.org/gov/regional-policy/OECD_regional_typology_Nov2012.pdf
12. Plank C.(2013). Land Grabs in the Black Earth: Ukrainian Oligarchs and International Investors. Land concentration, land grabbing and people's struggles in Europe. Transnational Institute (TNI) for European Coordination.
13. Spatial development glossary. European Conference of Ministers responsible for Spatial Regional Planning (CEMAT) Territory and landscape. 2. 2007. 21. http://book.coe.int
14. Vihinen H., Tapio-Biström M.-L., Voutilainen O. Rural marginalisation and multifunctional land use in Finland. Agrefood Research Working papers. V.103. 79. http://www.mtt.fi/mtts/pdf/mtts103.pdf
15. World Investment Report. Transnational Corporations, Agricultural Production and Development. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. New York and Geneva, 2009. http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationArchive.aspx?publicationid=743