Ukr. geogr. z. 2018, N2:61-71
Language of publication: 
O.H. Golubtsov - Institute of Geography, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
V.M. Chekhniy - Institute of Geography, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
Yu. M.Farion - Institute of Geography, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv.
The aim of this publication is to describe the methods of geoinformation mapping of landscapes (basic scale 1:1000000) for the purpose of identification of prospective objects and territories as part of the nature protection network, in particular, in conditions of high level of anthropogenic transformation of the nature of the research region – steppe zone of Ukraine. The new approaches to modeling the modern landscapes structure have been applied on the basis of the methodology of ecological land units (ELUs) allocation using open geospatial datasets. On the basis of the simulated structure of modern landscapes, the degree of anthropogenic changes of the steppe zone landscapes has been specified. It is considered the essential criterion for assessing the territory for the reservation – landscape diversity, the importance of whose conservation is noted in a number of international documents. For its definition in the context of the assessment of the territories from the point of view of their importance for the reservation at the regional level it is proposed to use the landscape metrics belonging to the group of diversity metrics. The results of the landscapes geoinformation analysis became the basis for creation of the scheme of territories and objects in the steppe zone of Ukraine within the administrative regions, that are prospective for reservation as well as priority and promising areas.
Key words: 
modern landscapes, geographic information systems (GIS), landscape diversity, nature conservation, protected areas

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