Ukr. geogr. z. 2019, N3:53-59
Language of publication: 

Oresta Bordun - Ivan Franko National University of Lviv.


This paper aims at creating indicators of sustainability of Lviv’s local tourist system (LLTS) as a central instrument for improved planning and management of tourism business in the city. The research methods combine an analysis and a survey carried out to supplement the existing official statistics of Lviv’s City Council in February 2019. After processing all the data collected during the study, we were able to determine the key indicators of the destination sustainability, namely places of touristic attractions of the city and tourists’ satisfaction with the destinations. As the results of analysis suggest, main powerful socio-cultural indicators of LLTS include: 1) effectiveness of the Strategy of the city competitiveness; 2) socio-cultural benefits available to the local community such as a growing number of art objects, cultural venues and other assets. Index measuring tourist attractiveness of the city 4,8 and index measuring visitor satisfaction with tourist services 4,4 are key indicators showing the effectiveness of the Strategy of the city competitiveness. The indicators of economical opportunities mainly consist in: 1) favorable conditions for the growth of businesses involved in tourism service; 2) increasing income to the city budget generated by tourism industry. Among the major indicators of weaknesses and environmental threats of LLTS are: 1) uncontrolled construction works in the historical part of the town, 2) limited space for tourists and the increased use of resources, infrastructure overload; 3) the problem of waste disposal. The main indicators and indexes of the sustainable development of tourism in Lviv: economic, environmental and social are analyzed for the first time. In order to assure a long-term planning and effective management of the city’s tourism assets it is essential to run monitoring programs aimed at spotting susceptible areas and determining needs for changes using above mentioned indicators in local touristic development.

Key words: 
Local Touristic System, indicators of sustainable development, index of tourist’ satisfaction, index of LTS attractiveness, Lviv

1. Doan P. V. (2015). Local systems in territorial administration of tourism in Ukraine. Dissertation on obtaining of scientific degree of geographical sciences candidate. Kyiv, 21 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Доан П. В. Локальні системи у територіальному управлінні туризмом в Україні. Автореф дис… к.г.н. http://scc.univ.kiev.ua/upload/iblock/2ed/aref_DOAN.pdf]
2. Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations (2004): A Guidebook, Madrid: WTO.
3. Lisovsky S.A. (2009). Society and nature: balance of interests in the territory of Ukraine. Zytomyr. 300 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Лісовський С. А. Суспільство і природа: баланс інтересів на теренах України. Житомир, 2009. 300 с.]
4. Strategy of sustainable development of Ukraine till 2030. Project - 2017. Ed. L.G. Rudenko. Kyiv. 112 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Стратегія сталого розвитку України до 2030 року. Проект-2017 / під ред. Л.Г. Руденка. Київ, 112 с.]
5. Polyvach K.A. (2012). Cultural Heritage and its infenence on defelopment of regions of Ukraine. Kyiv. 208 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Поливач К.А. Культурна спадщина та її вплив на розвиток регіонів України. Київ. 2012. 208 с.]
6. Grechko T.K., Lisovsky S.A., Romaniuk S.A., Rudenko L.G. (2015). Public administration in ensuring sustainable (balanced) development: manual book. Cherson. 264 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Гречко Т. К., Лісовський С. А., Романюк С. А., Руденко Л. Г. Публічне управління в забезпеченні сталого (збалансованого) розвитку: навч посіб. Херсон, 2015. 264 с.]
7. Scientific fundamentals of the strategy for sustainable development of Ukraine: monograph. (2012). Odessa, 714 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Наукові засади розробки стратегії сталого розвитку України: монографія. 2012. 714 с.]
8. Sazhneva N., Arsenenko I. (2012). The aktnality and Lines of defelopment of a competitive tourism market in Ukraine. Ukrainian geographical journal, 1, 40-49. [In Ukrainian]. [Сажнева Н.М., Арсененко І.А. Актуальні напрями розвитку конкурентоспроможного ринку туризму в Україні // Укр. геогр. журн. 2012. № 1. 40-43]
9. Beydik O., Novosad N. (2012). Factor analysis of forming of streams of entrance tourism of Ukraine. Ukrainian geographical journal, 1, 44-49. [In Ukrainian]. [Бейдик О.О., Новосад Н.О. Факторний аналіз формування потоків в'їзного туризму України // Укр. геогр. журн. 2012. № 1. С. 44-49]
10. Mesentsev K.V., Denusenko O.O. (2018). Cities in post-socialist space: approaches to conceptualization and placing in urban discourse . Ukrainian geographical journal, 4. 16-24. [In Ukrainian]. [Мезенцев К.В., Денисенко О.О. Міста на постсоціалістичному просторі: підходи концептуалізації та місце в урбаністичному дискурсі // Укр. геогр. журн., 2018. № 4. С. 16-24.]
11. Nawrot Ł., Zmyślony P.(2013). Competitiveness of Polish cities at European tourism market, Actual Problems of Economics, 10(148): 381-392.
12. Zamfir A., Corbos R.-A. (2015). Towards Sustainable Tourism Development in Urban Areas: Case Study on Bucharest as Tourist Destination. Sustainability, 7, 12709-12722. Doi:10.3390/su70912709.
13. Comprehensive strategy of L'viv development 2012 - 2025. URL: https://www8.city-adm.lviv.ua/inteam/uhvaly.nsf/0/23349f49bc91ba52c225793400489747/$FILE/%D0%A1%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%96%D1%8F2.pdf [In Ukrainian]. [Комплексна стратегія розвитку Львова 2012 - 2025. URL: https://www8.city-adm.lviv.ua/inteam/uhvaly.nsf/0/23349f49bc91ba52c225793400489747/$FILE/%D0%A1%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%96%D1%8F2.pdf]
14. Report of the Tourism Department of the L'viv City Council 2018. URL: https://city-adm.lviv.ua/news/government/260385-departament-rozvytku-lmr-prozvituvav-pro-robotu-u-20.... [In Ukrainian]. [Звіт Управління туризму Львівської міської Ради 2018. URL: https://city-adm.lviv.ua/news/government/260385-departament-rozvytku-lmr-prozvituvav-pro-robotu-u-20...