Ukr. geogr. z. 2020, N3:30-35
Language of publication: 

O.M. Adamenko - Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas;
M.I. Mosiuk - Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas.


The purpose of this publication is to present the results of research on changes in the ancient landscapes of the foothills of the Carpathians, including with the use of paleogeographical methods of study, geological sight “Starunia” in Bohorodchany district of Ivano-Frankivsk region. The uniqueness of this monument is determined by the manifestations of mud volcanism and the location of mammoths, woolly rhinos and other animals of the late Pliocene, preserved in wetlands mixed with oil and ozokerite. These finds aged 25 - 27 thousand years in different years were studied by Polish, later Ukrainian, as well as joint Polish-Ukrainian expeditions, in particular according to the Polish-Ukrainian expedition 2006-2009 on the basis of drilling 44 column wells received spore-pollen complexes, macro-remains of plants and shells of of mollusks of that time were collected. The application of paleontological research methods provided the opportunity to obtain results that are new: in alluvial and lake-swamp sediments of the valley of Lukavets Velykyi the river in the period of Weichkseliah Middle Pleniglacial (middle of the late Pleistocene-Valdai glaciation of the Eastern European plain - Wursmian glaciations of the Alps) plant communities with sedge, dwarf birch and others dominated the landscapes of Prykarpattia. Malacofauna also confirms the presence of open landscapes with steppe-tundra groups in a dry continental climate. In the late Pleistocene and early Holocene, it became much warmer, the humidity has increased, leading to the spread of lowland peat bogs and shallow periodically drying watersheds. Scientific novelty of the obtained results: obtained new data with clarification of sediment dating, stratigraphic position of new paleontological finds, as well as the study of spore-pollen spectra are described in more detail in the late Pleistocene and Holocene. It is shown that in the foothills and mountain conditions of the Carpathians the rhythmic periodicity of landscape changes is confirmed, as it is established on the plain territory of Ukraine. Exploration of geological sight “Starunia” continues.

Key words: 
Upper Pleistocene, Holocene, plant macro-remains, malacofauna, Starunia, Ukrainian Carpathians

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