Ukr. geogr. z. 2021, N2:03-11
Language of publication: 

S.A. Baliuk - NSC «Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O. N. Sokolovsky»;
A.V. Kucher - V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University;
N.V. Maksymenko - V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University.


The purpose of this study is to propose the concept of a strategy for sustainable management of soil resources in Ukraine based on the analysis of the dynamics and current state of soils and their fertility. In this study, we used such main methods: analysis, synthesis, monographic, expert assessments, calculation-and-analytical, abstract-and-logic, cartographic. Despite the intensification of soil degradation (losses of humus and nutrients, especially phosphorus and potassium, erosional losses of the upper fertile layer, physical degradation of soils; acidification of soils, especially in the Polissya and in the Carpathian region; secondary alkalinization and salinization of irrigated soils), there is a reduction in funding for soil protection measures. The area of degraded and infertile soils in Ukraine is over 8 mln ha, and direct annual losses of income only from crop failure due to the main types of soil degradation reach about 33.6 bln UAH in the country as a whole. The novelty of the study is that the provisions on the strategy of sustainable management of soil resources of Ukraine were further developed, in particular, in terms of a holistic macroeconomic approach to the scale of soil degradation and its environmental-and-economic consequences, and a holistic solution through a set of strategic measures of soil fertility reproduction. One of the first attempts to substantiate the strategy of sustainable management of soil resources of Ukraine from the standpoint of an interdisciplinary approach, which provides for: improvement of legislative and regulatory support; improving information and institutional support; effective international cooperation; technological and financial support of sustainable soil management, as well as forecast economic, environmental and social effects of solving the problem of soil degradation. The practical value of the obtained results is that their application should help increase the efficiency and performance of sustainable management of soil resources and achieve land degradation neutrality in Ukraine.

Key words: 
soil fertility, soil degradation, sustainable soil management

1. Baritz R., Wiese L., Verbeke I., Wargas R. (2017). Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management: Global Action for Healthy Soils. International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy, 17-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68885-5_3
2. Helming K., Daedlow K., Hansjürgens B. Koellner T. (2018). Assessment and Governance of Sustainable Soil Management. Sustainability, 10, 4432. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124432
3. Osman K. T. (2018). Management of Soil Problems, XX. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75527-4
4. Ginzky H., Dooley E., Heuser I. L., Kasimbazi E., Markus T., Qin T. eds. (2017). International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68885-5
5. Martínez-Mena M., Carrillo-López E., Boix-Fayos C. et al. (2020). Long-term effectiveness of sustainable land management practices to control runoff, soil erosion, and nutrient loss and the role of rainfall intensity in Mediterranean rainfed agroecosystems. Catena, 187, 104352. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2019.104352
6. Thorsøe M. H., Noe E. B., Lamandé M., Frelih-Larsen A., Kjeldsen C., Zandersen M., Schjønning P. (2019). Sustainable soil management - Farmers' perspectives on subsoil compaction and the opportunities and barriers for intervention. Land Use Policy, 86, 427-437. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.05.017
7. Jónsson J. Ö. G., Davíðsdóttir B., Nikolaidis N. P., Giannakis G. V. (2019). Tools for Sustainable Soil Management: Soil Ecosystem Services, EROI and Economic Analysis. Ecological Economics, 157(C), 109-119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.11.010
8. Adeyolanu O. D., Ogunkunle A. O. (2016). Soil Quality Assessment for Sustainable Land Use and Management. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 13(6), 22136.
9. Ingram J., Mills J. (2019). Are advisory services "fit for purpose" to support sustainable soil management? An assessment of advice in Europe. Soil Use and Management, 35(1), 21-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12452
10. Polupan M. I., Velychko V. A., Solovej V. B. (2015). Development of Ukrainian agronomical pedology: genetic and production aspects. Kyiv, 400 p. [In Ukrainian]. [Полупан М. І., Величко В. А., Соловей В. Б. Розвиток українського агрономічного ґрунтознавства: генетичні та виробничі аспекти. Київ, 2015. 400 с.]
11. Pozniak S. P., Havrysh N. S. (2019). The role of soils in social development of society. Ukrainian geographical journal, 2, 57-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2019.02.057 [In Ukrainian]. [Позняк С. П., Гавриш Н. С. Роль ґрунтів у розвитку суспільства // Укр. геогр. журн. 2019. № 2. С. 57-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2019.02.057]
12. Tarariko O. H., Ilienko T. V., Kuchma T. L. (2016). Sustainable land use management and soil conservation: urgency and challenges in modern conditions. Ukrainian geographical journal, 3, 56-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2016.03.056 [In Ukrainian]. [Тараріко О. Г., Ільєнко Т. В., Кучма Т. Л. Формування сталих систем землекористування та охорони ґрунтів: актуальність та проблеми у сучасних умовах // Укр. геогр. журн. 2016. № 3. С. 56-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2016.03.056]
13. Baliuk S., Miroshnychenko M., Medvedev V. (2018). Scientific bases of stable management of soil resources of Ukraine. Bulletin of Agricultural Science, 11, 5-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201811-01 [In Ukrainian]. [Балюк С. А., Мірошниченко М. М., Медведєв В. В. Наукові засади сталого управління ґрунтовими ресурсами України // Вісник аграрної науки. 2018. № 11. С. 5-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201811-01]
14. Kucher A. (2020). Soil fertility, financial support, and sustainable competitiveness: evidence from Ukraine. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International scientific e-journal. Vol. 6, 2, 5-23. URL: are-journal.com. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51599/are.2020.06.02.01]
15. Kirichenko K. (2019). Analysis of the efficiency of use of agricultural land in Kharkiv region. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International scientific e-journal. Vol.5, 3, 63-76. URL: are-journal.com. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.293986 [In Ukrainian]. [Кіріченко К. Аналіз ефективності використання земель сільськогосподарського призначення Харківської області //Agricultural and Resource Economics: International scientific e-journal. 2019. Vol. 5. No. 3. P. 63-76. URL: are-journal.com. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.293986]
16. Baliuk S. A., Kucher A. V. (2019). Spatial features of the soil cover as the basis for sustainable soil. Ukrainian geographical journal, 3, 3-14. https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2019.03.003. [In Ukrainian]. [Балюк С. А., Кучер А. В. Просторові особливості ґрунтового покриву як основа сталого управління ґрунтами // Укр. геогр. журн. 2019. № 3. С. 3-14. https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2019.03.003]
17. Kucher A. (2019). Sustainable soil management in the formation of competitiveness of agricultural enterprises. Monograph. Plovdiv, 444 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.19554.07366
18. Chemerys V., Dushka V., Dorosh M. and Maksym V. (2020). Export potential of the livestock breeding industry of Ukraine. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International scientific e-journal. Vol. 6, 3, 5-28. URL: are-journal.com. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51599/are.2020.06.03.01