L.H. Rudenko, V.P. Nahirna. COUNTRYSIDE IN THE AREA OF INFLUENCE OF THE KYIV METROPOLIS (STRENGTHENING OF AGRO-FOOD FUNCTION IN THE CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS)

https://doi.org/10.15407/ugz2021.03.012
Ukr. geogr. z. 2021, N3:12-18
Authors: 

L.H. Rudenko - Institute of Geography of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv;
V.P. Nahirna - Institute of Geography of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv.

Abstract: 

The research examines the changes that have taken place in rural areas in the area of influence of the Kyiv metropolis. Based on a comparative analysis of agricultural development (under the command-administrative system of management and the current state of the industry in market conditions) revealed the peculiarities of the formation and trends of changes in the agri-food function of suburban rural areas. At one time, a suburban agro-industrial complex was formed around the city of Kyiv in order to meet the needs of the urban population in low-transport products - meat and dairy products, vegetables and fruits. As a result, the agri-food function of the suburban area has strengthened. Subsequently, under the influence of changes in the agricultural system, the intensification of exports, preference was given to high-intensity agriculture, the production of export-oriented crops ‒ cereals, sunflower, canola, soybeans, corn. Production of products for the needs of the metropolis (vegetables, cereals, potatoes, fruits and berries) has significantly decreased, the role of the agri-food function of suburban rural areas has decreased. As a result of the research the directions of strengthening of agro-food function in the conditions of social transformations are offered. The main ones are: application of new approaches to the food supply of the metropolis with an emphasis on strengthening the role of suburban rural areas; change in the structure and specialization of agriculture; a significant increase in the level of industrial processing of agricultural raw materials; improvement of the marketing sphere taking into account market conditions, consumer demands; restricting the activities of agricultural holdings, increasing the role of farms; transition from soil-depleting agriculture to conservation, rational use of land resources, introduction of energy-saving technologies.

Key words: 
countryside, Kyiv metropolis, transformation processes, processing enterprises, agri-food function of suburban rural areas, agriculture specialization
Pages: 
12-18
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